DR A QURESHI, MBChB,MD,FRCP
  Endocrinologist | Diabetes Consultant | Harley Street Clinic

 

13-14 Devonshire Street London W1G 7AE Tel: ++44 (0)7733 595 617

English     العربية

 
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Diabetes

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HYPERPARATHYROIDISM

Who it affects
Hyperparathyroidism is an uncommon disorder affecting 1 in 500 people.

What gland is involved
There are usually 4 parathyroid gland that lie just behind the thyroid gland (see above). There is a lower and upper gland on the left, and similarly on the right. In this disorder, one gland may be affected in isolation (parathyroid adenoma) or less commonly, all four glands (parathyroid hyperplasia).

Symptoms
Hyperparathyroidism is now commonly discovered following routine blood tests. Patients frequently do not complain of any specific symptoms. Patients may have a history of kidney stones or osteoporosis.

Diagnosis
Hyperparathyroidism is diagnosed with blood tests including a blood calcium and parathyroid hormone level. Other investigations you may undergo include 24hr urine collections, bone mineral density scans and ultrasound and isotopes scans of the neck.

Treatment
Treatment of this disorder is depend on the severity of complications of hyperparathyroidism. The treatment is tailored to individual patients and may include observation and medication alone or surgical removal of any abnormal parathyroid gland(s). Surgical removal is more likely in young patient, those with kidney stones or osteoporosis.

Prognosis
In older patients managed conservatively, hyperparathyroidism usually has no adverse effect on a patient`s life. The outlook for patient`s undergoing surgical removal of abnormal parathyroid glands is good. Patients are usually observed to ensure that the calcium levels and parathyroid hormone levels return to normal. Osteoporosis may also improve following surgery.
 

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Adrenal Insufficiency
Addison's Disease
Conn's syndrome
Cushing's Syndrome
Goitre (enlarged thyroid)
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Hirsutism
Hypercalcaemia
Hyperparathroidism

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Hypopituitarism
Hyperprolactinaemia
Hyperthyroidism
Hypopituitarism
Hypothyroidism
Obesity
Osteoporosis
Pituitary Tumour
Phaeochromocytoma

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Primary Adrenal Failure
Prolactinomas
Radioiodine
Thyroid nodule
Thyroid Cancer
Thyroiditis
Type 1 diabetes (insulin pumps)
Type 2 diabetes

TREATMENTS
Adrenal surgery
Bariatric surgery
Parathyroid surgery
Pituitary surgery
Radioiodine
Thyroid surgery


DICTIONARY

Endocrine Dictionary


Dr A Qureshi is a consultant endocrinologist and diabetologist who consults at The Harley Street Clinic, London, UK.  He specialises in disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, hypopituitarism, Addison’s disease, hypertension and diabetes. 
To arrange an appointment, please call:

APPOINTMENTS :   ++44 (0)7733  595 617

Disclaimer: The information contained in this website is general and not specific endocrine or diabetes advice.
Patients should always consultant their physician or an endocrinology specialist. For further details please read the full disclaimer.