DR A QURESHI, MBChB,MD,FRCP
  Endocrinologist | Diabetes Consultant | Harley Street Clinic

 

13-14 Devonshire Street London W1G 7AE Tel: ++44 (0)7733 595 617

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OSTEOPOROSIS

What is it
Osteoporosis is characterised by a weakening of bones such that patients are at an increased risk of fractures (broking a bone)

Who it affects
Osteoporosis is a common disorder affecting 10 % of the general population. It is more common in woman, Caucasians and Asians. Other risk factors include smoking, alcohol excess and steroid use. Certain endocrine disorders such as hypogonadism (male/female hormone deficiency), hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and Cushing`s syndrome may be associated with osteoporosis.

What gland is involved
Osteoporosis is a disorder of bones. Its cause however, may arise in a number of glands as detailed above.
Symptoms
Patient with osteoporosis may have no symptoms. A fracture or broken bone as a result of osteoporosis will cause pain and affect mobility.

Diagnosis
Osteoporosis is diagnosed using imaging techniques; commonly a bone mineral density scan. Investigating the cause of osteoporosis is dependent on what medical conditions are suspected, but may include blood tests, urine tests, or various scans.

Treatment
Patients with osteoporosis should avoid smoking and limit alcohol intake. Exercise is beneficial for bone strength, but needs to be tailored individually. Patients should always take adequate precautions to avoid injuries that may result in fractures.

Specific treatments you may be prescribed for osteoporosis may include vitamin D supplements, bisphosphonates or Strontium Renalate. Additional endocrine treatments may include replacement hormones for deficiencies, e.g. HRT in premature ovarian failure.

Prognosis
The outlook of osteoporosis is dependent on the cause and degree of osteoporosis. For example, mild osteoporosis with a treatable cause, will respond better. Newer drugs in the treatment of osteoporosis are continually being developed.

A priority for patients with osteoporosis should be to maintain a good quality of life. To achieve this it is important to avoid fractures and therefore to develop safe practises when mobilising.
 

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Adrenal Insufficiency
Addison's Disease
Conn's syndrome
Cushing's Syndrome
Goitre (enlarged thyroid)
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Hirsutism
Hypercalcaemia
Hyperparathroidism

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Hypopituitarism
Hyperprolactinaemia
Hyperthyroidism
Hypopituitarism
Hypothyroidism
Obesity
Osteoporosis
Pituitary Tumour
Phaeochromocytoma

ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Primary Adrenal Failure
Prolactinomas
Radioiodine
Thyroid nodule
Thyroid Cancer
Thyroiditis
Type 1 diabetes (insulin pumps)
Type 2 diabetes

TREATMENTS
Adrenal surgery
Bariatric surgery
Parathyroid surgery
Pituitary surgery
Radioiodine
Thyroid surgery


DICTIONARY

Endocrine Dictionary

       

Dr A Qureshi is a consultant endocrinologist and diabetologist who consults at The Harley Street Clinic, London, UK.  He specialises in disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, hypopituitarism, Addison’s disease, hypertension and diabetes. 
To arrange an appointment, please call:

APPOINTMENTS :   ++44 (0)7733  595 617

Disclaimer: The information contained in this website is general and not specific endocrine or diabetes advice.
Patients should always consultant their physician or an endocrinology specialist. For further details please read the full disclaimer.