Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common disorder affecting 10 to 20% of
What gland is involved
Not all women have all the features polycystic ovary syndrome. Symptoms
that may occur individually or in combination include an irregular
menstrual cycle, excess hair growth and problems with weight and
There is no single diagnostic test for this syndrome. Investigations
that patient may undergo include blood tests (e.g. serum testosterone,
LH, FSH) and ultrasound scans (transvaginal or transabdominal scan of
Treatment is tailored to individual patients and is dependent on which
symptom(s) is experienced. A healthy lifestyle with weight control is
helpful in almost all patients.
Specific treatments may include the oral contraceptive pill for
menstrual irregularity, Dianette or Vaniqua cream for excess hair
growth. Treatments such as spironolactone, flutamide and finasteride are
sometimes used in the treatment of hirsuitism. Medication used in this
area are often used off licence, i.e. used for a reason not detailed in
the drug`s licence.
Not all patients have difficulty with conception. Those that do, may
require specialist treatment in a fertility unit.
Patient with polycystic ovary syndrome have this disorder lifelong. The
severity of symptoms may vary with time and the focus of treatment is
likely to vary at different stages of the patient`s life. Treatment is
therefore likely to vary with time.